I just read a book about writing and the author argued against adverbs and adjectives, passive words, and that these always caused bad writing and should never be used. It is true these writing imperfections can cause a reader to stop reading. But not always. Besides, what is bad writing?
Adverbs, adjectives, and passive words can be crucial to keeping the writing pace flowing without harm.
The placement of words, the length of sentences, and the thrill at the paragraph’s end makes the reader want to continue. Pacing or tempo is about altering the flow of words to highlight them enough for the reader to continue.
To explain: constant action, movement, drama, and other assaults on the senses are enjoyed by some readers. However, most do not enjoy this writing style. Readers need a break, a slow down of what is happening, and a transition to the next event. The language that some authors claim is bad writing can be important in managing the pace like a pause or a meditative breath.
I do not advocate the extended use of these bad words – they will cause a reader to stop reading. Too much of anything can be too much. However, these bad words continue to exist in the English language because they continue to have use. Besides, only the reader can decide what is bad writing.
P.S. Writing pace is important in grant writing, as well. Someone from a foundation reading a grant request does not want to read facts, data, and the desperation of need all the time.